Armenian media of Baku

The Armenian press has the history of more than two hundred years with an accurate reflection of all the phases of intellectual and public life of the Armenian nation. The Armenian periodicals have been published almost in all the cities densely inhabited by the Armenians, including Baku. One of the biggest achievements of the Armenian culture in Baku was the creation of multidirectional press and publicism. More than 60 Armenian periodicals were published in Baku from 1877 to 1920. The first Armenian periodical of Baku was “Haykakan ashkharh” (The Armenian World) literary-pedagogic journal, which was initially published in Shushi since 1874, and later in Baku from 1877 to 1879. Such periodicals, as “Orer” (The Days) (1907), “Aniv” (The Wheel) (1908), “Arev” (The Sun) (1914-1919), “Bagui dzayn” (The Voice of Baku) (1913-1814), “Koch Devet” (The Appeal) (1906), “Nor xosq” (The New Word) (1911-1912), “Sotsial democrat” (The Social Democrat) (1917), “Banvori khosq” (The Word of Labourer) (1918), “Teghekatu” (The Reference Book) (1918) and many other periodicals were published in Baku. Literary-pedagogic periodicals - “Shepor” (The Trumpet) (1908), “Aravot” (The Morning) (1909), “Tatron ev erazhshtutyun” (The Theatre and Music) (1910-1917) - were also published in Baku. A Russian language advertising newspaper “Listok Obyavleniy” (The List of Announcements) started being published under the editorship of Ruben Ohanjanyan in Baku since October 1908. Another Russian language newspaper was “Baku”, whose editor-in-chief was Kh. Vermisheva.  Economic, literary, cultural, comic, religious dailies, official newspapers, and journals of political parties and various non-governmental organizations were being published in Baku. And, despite the limitations, the Armenian publicism of Baku played a tremendous role in the development of public thinking.

“Haykakan Ashkharh” (The Armenian World) religious- pedagogic, Baku, 1877-1878, editor and publisher Stephannos Stephaney
“Aror” (The Wooden Plough) illustrated calendar, Baku, 1893-1896, “Aror” Publishing House
“Sotsialist” (The Socialist) official journal of the Social- Democratic Armenian Labor Party, Social Democratic Armenian Party Publishing House, 1904-1905
“Arshaluys” (The Dawn), Baku, 1904
“Sotsial Democrat” (The Social- Democrat) economic-political-public journal, Baku, 1905, editors V. Marsyan and Lazo
“Banvori Jayn” (The Voice of the Labourer), 1906, editor S. Kasyan
“Bari Lur” (The Good News) Christian newspaper, official newspaper of the Armenian evangelic community, Baku, Parayan and Mirzoyants Publishing House, 1906-1917, editor and publisher H.J. Tarayants
“Groh” (The Attack), Baku, 1906-1907
“Trutsik” (Leaflet) weekly, 1906-1907
“Kiraknorya Tert” (The Sunday Newspaper), Baku, 1906
“Koch Devet” (The Appeal), Armenian-Azerbaijani newspaper, Baku, 1906, editors and publishers T. Harutyunyants and I.B. Ashurbekov
“Banvor” (The Labourer), public-economic-political-literary newspaper, Baku, Erevantsyan Publishing House, 1907, editors and publishers H. Yuzbahsyan and G. Pijikyan
“Motsak” (The Mosquito), satirical newspaper, Baku, 1907, editor H. Khojamir
“Orer” (The Days), public-political- literary official newspaper of the Bolsheviks, Baku, 1907, Editors S.K. Shahumyan, S. Spandaryan, S. Kasyan
“Aniv” (The Wheel), literary-economic-political official newspaper of the Social Revolutionaries, Baku, N.A. Erevantsyan Publishing House, 1908, editor and publisher G. Aghajanyan
“Zang” (The Bell), literary-public-economic newspaper, Baku, Khatisyan Publishing House, 1908-1909, editor and publisher K. Khatisyan
“Nor orer” (New Days), political-literary-public-economic newspaper, Baku, 1908-09, Erevantsyan Publishing House, 1908-1909, editor and publisher R. Ohanjanyan
“Shepor” (The Trumpet), literary-public-economic-newspaper, Baku, N.A. Erevantsyan Publishing House, 1908, Baku, editor and publisher S. Shah-Paronyan
“Patanekan Gradaran” (The Juvenile Library), journal, Baku, The Publishing House of the Armenian Cultural Community of Baku, 1908, editor K. Kharatyan
“Aravot” (The Morning),  literary-public-economic-political newspaper, Baku, N.A. Erevantsyan Publishing House, 1909, editor and publisher S. Harutyunyan
“Zndan” (The  Dungeon), literary-public-economic-political newspaper, Baku, N.A. Erevantsyan Publishing House, 1909, editor and publisher Nik. P. Izmayelyan
“Ughi” (The Way) political-public-economic newspaper, Baku, Erevantsyan Publishing House, 1909, editor and publisher N.H. Qarhanyan
“Tatron ev erajshtutyun” (The Theatre and Music), theatrical- musical-literary- artistic illustrated journal, Baku, 1910-17, S.T. Shahbazyan Publishing House, later Trud, editor and publisher A. Mayelyan
“Paros” (The Light-house), literary-artistic illustrated weekly, Baku, Erevantsyan Publishing House, 1910, editor and publisher V. Tumanyan
“Koch” (The Appeal), literary- public- economic weekly, Baku, Erevantsyan Publishing House,, 1911, editor and publisher I.B. Miqayelyan
“Nor Khosq” (The New Word), literary-public-political weekly, Baku, Erevantsyan Publishing House, 1911-1912, editor S.K. Shahumyan
“Nor Kyanq” (The New Life), literary- public- political weekly, Baku, Erevantsyan Publishing House, 1911-1912, editor and publisher D. Ter-Danielyan
“Erand” (The Ardour), literary-public-economic-political official weekly of the Socialist – Revolutionary Party, Baku, Erevantsyan Publishing House, 1912, editor and publisher V.S. Ghazaryants
“Kiraki” (The Sunday) Christian weekly, Baku, A. N. Taraeva and L.D Mirzoyants Publishing House, 1912
“Mer Ughin” (Our Way), literary-political-economic collection, Baku, Erevantsyan Publishing House, 1912, editor D. Ananun
“Bagvi dzayn” (The Voice of Baku) newspaper, Baku, The Publishing House of the Mayor of Baku, publisher K. Khatisyan 
“Lusademin” (At the Dawn), literary collection, Baku, Baku Paper Publishing House, 1913-1914, editor A. Alshushyan
“Arev” (The Sun) literary- public- political official newspaper of the Social Democratic Party, Shahbazyan Publishing House, 1914-1919, editor Taghyanosyan
 “Gordz” (The Labour) literary-scientific- public-political journal, Baku, Vera Publishing House,1917, editor K. Krasilnikyan
“Tsil” (The Sprout), Baku, literary-artistic anthology, Baku, Erevantsyan Publishing House, 1914-1915, editor and publisher A. Barutchyan
 “Mer kyanq” (Our Life), Baku, 1914, editor St. Shahumyan
“Navak” (The Boat), literary-public weekly, Baku, Aramazd Publishing House, 1914
“Shavigh” (The Path), literary-public journal, Baku, Baku Publishing House, 1914
“Areg” (The Sun) literary-public-political daily, Baku, Erevantsyan Publishing House, editor and publisher E. Abovyan
“Nver vorberin” (A Present for Orphans), Baku, 1915
“Ashxatanqi Droshov” (With the Flag of Work), Baku, 1917
“Aroghj Kyanq” (The Healthy Life), Baku 1917, Erevantsyan Publishing House, editor Zaqaryan
“Banvor” (The Labourer), Baku, 1917, Erevantsyan Publishing House, editor and publisher G. Pijikyan
“Nor Kyanq” (The Life), Baku, 1917, Erevantsyan Publishing House, editor E. Ter-Ohanyan
“Haraj” (The Forward) public-political daily, Baku, 1917
“Mer gordz” (Our Work) Baku, 1917, Erevantsyan Publishing House, editor A. Stepanyan
“Mer Orer” (Our days), social-democratic official newspaper, Baku, 1917
“Sotsial Democrat” (The Social Democrat), Baku, 1917
“Veratcnund)” (The Renaissance),  Baku, 1917
“Ashkhatavori dzain” (The Voice of the Worker), Baku, 1918
“Banvor, Zinvor ev Navasti patgamavorneri khorhrdi teghekatu” (The Herald of the Labourer, Solider and Sailor Delegates’ Council), Baku, 1918
“Banvori khosq” (The Word of Laborer), Baku, 1918
“Shepor” (The Trumpet), Baku, 1918, editor and publisher E. Palyan
“Teghekatu” (The Reference Book), Baku, 1918
“Yerkir” (The Country),  political-public- literary newspaper, Baku, 1919, editor I Amiryan
“Komunist” (The Communist), official newspaper of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan and Baku Commune, Baku, 1920
“Teghekagir” (The Official Gazette), journal of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan, Baku, 1920-1921 “